- March 29, 2015
In 2010, imported cases of Chikungunya Fever arrived in North America for the first time. These cases were infected viremic travelers returning from India. But, the first evidence of autochthonous transmission was recorded in December 2013, in Saint Martin, a French island in the Caribbean Region. Probably, these infections are introduced in the island from people that could come from La Réunion, where the transmission has been active since 2004.
From Saint Martin, the new disease spread to several countries in the Caribbean Region. In almost 8 months autochthonous transmission has been detected in 33 countries and territories of the Americas: 27 countries and territories in the Caribbean, 3 countries in Central America, 1 country and 1 territory in South America and 1 country in North America. There were 659,367 reported cases in the region and 37 deaths.
Today, 15 months after the first autochthonous case, 44 countries and territories reported autochthonous ... Read the rest of this article
- March 4, 2015
The United Nations is developing a list of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are intended to guide efforts to reduce poverty and improve health and well-being in all countries by 2030 while protecting the planet. One of the 17 goals – goal number 3 – relates to health: “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages” (1). The SDGs will replace the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which end in 2015.
The International Epidemiological Association (IEA) and the World Federation of Public Health Associations (WFPHA) sponsored joint sessions on the SDGs, both at the IEA World Congress of Epidemiology in Anchorage, USA, in August 2014 and at the WFPHA World Congress of Public Health in Kolkata, India, in February 2015. Both sessions focused on the need for measurable, reliable health indicators for the single health-related SDG.
The current draft of SDG3 (for health) includes 13 sub-goals and many health ... Read the rest of this article
- March 4, 2015
The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone is at a critical stage, requiring continued additional support at the national and subnational levels in the affected countries. The Ministries of Health in these countries have been responding to the outbreak in collaboration with WHO, and with the technical support of GOARN partners since March 2014. As of 23 February 2015, GOARN Operational Support Team has deployed over 530 experts from partner institutions. In light f the complex challenges of Phase 2 “Getting to Zero” in this outbreak, GOARN is issuing this further RFA to support the increased efforts that will be required for coordination, surveillance, and effective contact tracing.
Those interested in contributing to this effort should download the GOARN information sheet and call for experts.
Read the rest of this article
- October 4, 2014
As the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals approaches, there has been a lively debate about the next generation of global goals and targets: the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. The 17 SDGs include a single goal for health (“Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”), with 13 subgoals and targets addressing maternal and child health, infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases, accidents and injuries and several other conditions. However, the overarching goal of ensuring healthy lives has not been expressed so far as a measureable target.
The IEA joined the discussion on the SDGs in May 2013, by posting an official position paper on the World We Want website, followed by a letter to The Lancet. We argued that it was essential to have a single quantifiable target to monitor progress, and we suggested that if should be based on ... Read the rest of this article